Goschenhoppen Folk Festival

The Goschenhoppen Folk Festival is celebrating it's 43rd year this weekend. The festival is the primary educational event held by The Goschenhoppen Historians. The Goschenhoppen Historians was established as an educational society dedicated to learning about preserving and teaching the Pennsylvania German folk culture.

We saw a potter making redware, a wood turner making spokes for a wheel, all manner of textile crafts, and timber dressers. Central to Pennsylvania Dutch (as the English called them) life was worship. So, of course I stopped by to see the organ maker:

We stopped by a wood carver who specializes in bird carvings. He makes bird trees. These are bent sassafras branches mounted on a turned base. On the model tree, the maker attaches hand carved and painted birds. This carver had a tree with eight birds. Bird trees were a form of whimsical craft. They were made by amateurs for decoration in the home. Because they were fragile, very few have survived. The few that come to market in good condition and are of bent branch material can fetch steep prices.

We really admire and are grateful for the superb work the Goschenhoppen Historians are doing. They have acquired the Henry Antes house and surrounding 26 acres. They have a master plan for building out the site for expanded educational use. This is exciting, and we wish them the very best of success.



Captain Palmer House, Stonington, CT

Built in 1852, this house was the home for two brothers, both sea captains. They originally named the house “Pine Point” after the area between the 2 coves of Stonington.

The house has 16 rooms and was considered a marvel in its time. One bedroom contains a sink with running water, fed by a cistern on the roof which held rainwater. The Captain’s office has a built-in desk within a closet; another room has a china closet.

The older brother, Captain Nathaniel Brown Palmer, inadvertently earned fame--he landed on Antarctica during a sailing expedition for seals. He didn’t know that’s where he was until later. Today, a section of land in Antarctica is named “Palmer Land” in honor of him.



Gilbert Stuart Homestead, Saunderstown, Rhode Island

Gilbert Stuart (December 3, 1755 – July 9, 1828) gained fame for his many portraits of George Washington. His most famous portrait is the Athenaeum Portrait. His father immigrated from Scotland in 1751 and built the mill shown in these pictures. The mill was a business venture with a partner to produce snuff from tobacco. The younger Stuart was a prodigious artist and painted the portrait of Washington that was used on the one-dollar bill.


Vanderbilt Hyde Park Cottage

Frederick and Louise Vanderbilt bought a home on this site in 1895. The original home was in bad shape, so the Vanderbilts demolished it and built this mansion in its place. It was designed by McKim, Mead and White after the syle of a European country estate. The Vanderbilts, being new money, craved what they were not: noble ancestry. Thus, money was not enough. They strove to acquire the veneer of nobility by living the lifestyle, acquiring the material possessions, and marrying into European lineage as much as possible.

In this mansion, all the furnishings are European, the exceptions being two sofas in the main hall. This, in spite the fact that the most prized furnishings then and now are American antiquities. The building represents the state of the art in modern construction techniques of the time: steel construction, central heating, interior plumbing, electricity, and its own electric generation facility.


Stonington, Connecticut Stoneware

What gets your attention in stoneware? The artwork? The rarity of the vessel? The condition? Those are the ususal guidelines for late-ninteenth-century stoneware. But that's also the era of consolidated, big-production potteries. Competition was more intense. Production had to be higher. But before the 1850's, the landscape was different. The States pottery in Stonington Connecticut is an example. In business from 1780 - 1834, it's the kind of pottery we don't see very often. It didn't feature very interesting cobalt slip artwork. But it did feature something you rarely see post-1850: incised art. Incised or scribed art is more time-consuming. Thus, the big potteries abandoned it in favor of slip decoration. The age and incised decoration make these vessels prized by collectors. The prices reflect it. These pieces, when in good condition and when featuring an incised animal, can easily fetch five figure prices. 



The States pottery carried the names A. States, A. States & Co., W. States, and Swan & States, Stonington. The clay used for these pieces was imported to Connecticut from New York and New Jersey.

The pottery works don't feature very elaborate decoration. The artisans decorated with cobalt slip at the base of the handles or splashed through the stamped name. And yes, sometimes these pieces have incised decorations.


States ovoid jug with incised bird decoration